# The Proceedings of SAIP2016, the 61^{st} Annual Conference of the South African Institute of Physics

**ISBN: 978-0-620-77094-1 **

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- The Proceedings of SAIP2016: Complete document (44.6 MB PDF with a total of 546 pages), published 24 December 2017
- The Proceedings of SAIP2016: Frontmatter only (13.35MB PDF with a total of 17 pages), published 24 December 2017

__Full Research Papers from the SAIP2016 Proceedings__

**Division A - Division for Physics of Condensed Matter and Materials**

Effect of temperature and CH_{4}/ZrCl_{4} molar ratio on ZrC layers deposited in a vertical-wall CVD system

*S Biira, B A B Alawad, H Bissett, J T Nel, T T Hlatshwayo, P L Crouse and J B Malherbe*

Tunable photoluminescence emission of sol-gel ZnO films prepared by spin coating technique

*E Hasabeldaim, O M Ntwaeaborwa, R E Kroon, E **Coetsee** and H C Swart*

Pick-off annihilation of delocalized positronium in BaF_{2} at elevated temperatures

*T P** Jili, E Sideras-Haddad **and** D Wamwangi*

Synthesis and characterisation of Y_{2}O_{3}:Bi^{3+} phosphor material

*E Lee, H C Swart and J J Terblans*

Theory for diffusivity measurements when the temperature is ramped linearly

*J B Malherbe, O S Odutemowo, C C Theron, E G Njoroge, T T Hlatshwayo*

Evolutionary algorithm simulation study of β−MnO_{2} nanoclusters

*P W Masoga, P E Ngoepe **and** R R Maphanga*

Molecular dynamics studies of Lithium intercalation into amorphous nanostructure of Titanium dioxide.

*M G Matshaba, **D C** Sayle **and** P E Ngoepe*

Effect of calcination on the structural and magnetic properties of nickel chromite

*P Mohanty, C J Sheppard **and** A R E Prinsloo*

Role of swift heavy ion irradiation on the structural and magnetic properties of Ti_{0.95}Co_{0.05}O_{2−δ} epitaxial thin films

*P Mohanty, C Rath, C J Sheppard and A R E Prinsloo*

Synthesis and characterization of TiO_{2} doped with Dy^{3+} ions by sol gel method.

*M S** Mokoena, M Y A Yagoub, O M Ntwaeaborwa and H C Swart*

Ferromagnetism in magnetic 4f-systems

*V Nolting*

Effect of Annealing Temperature on Optical and Electrical Properties of Sol-Gel ZnO Thin Films

*T K Pathak, H C Swart **and** R E Kroon*

Spectroscopic investigation of Tm^{3+} containing Lithium borate glasses

*D D** Ramteke and H C Swart*

Characterization of the fine structures associated with E3 defect in GaAs by application of Laplace DLTS

*F Taghizadeh, K Ostvar, W E Meyer and F D Auret*

Effects of different Ga doping concentration on structural and optical properties of Ga–doped ZnO nanoparticles by precipitation reflux method

*J Ungula, F B Dejene **and** H C Swart*

**Division B - Nuclear, Particle and Radiation Physics**

NLO Rutherford Scattering and Energy Loss in a QGP

*A Khalil and W A Horowitz*

Implementation of the preamplifier response function for the iThemba LABS segmented clover detector

*T D Bucher, E A Lawrie, O Shirinda, T S Dinoko, J L Easton, N Erasmus, S H Mthembu, W X Mtshali, S P Noncolela*

The search for the Dark Vector Boson via the Higgs Portal

*S H** Connell*

Investigation of the low-lying excitation region in 9B

*D J Marín-Lámbarri, N J Mukwevho, S Triambak, E H Akakpo, P Adsley, J W Brummer, T Dinoko, S Jongile, M Kamil, N Kheswa, **K C** W Li, P Z Mabika, S H Mthembu, F Nemulodi, R Neveling, N Orce, P Papka, L **Pellegri**, V **Pesudo**, B Rebeiro, F D Smit, G F Steyn and W Yahia-
Chérif*

The search for crystal undulator radiation

*D Bosho, M Copeland, F Haffejee, Q Kilbourn, B MacKenzie, C Mercer, A Osato, C Williamson, P Sihoyiya, M Motsoai, M Connell, C A Henning, S H Connell, N L Palmer, T Brooks, J Härtwig, T N Tran Thi, U Uggerhoj and the PEARL Collaboration*

Proton induced radiation damage to the fluorescence capability of plastic scintillators for the Tile Calorimeter of ATLAS

*H Jivan, R Erasmus, M Madhuku, B Mellado, G Peters and E Sideras-Haddad*

Estimation of jet-faked muon background in W-boson scattering at √s = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

*L Michael and H McConnell*

Neutron irradiation and light transmission assessment of plastic scintillators of the TileCal section of the ATLAS detector

*J E Mdhluli, R Erasmus, Y U Davydov, H Jivan, S Liao, C Pelwan, E Sideras-Haddad, B Mellado, G Peters and C Sandrock*

The K600 with CAKE and BaGeL

*R Neveling, F D Smit, P Adsley, J W Brummer, J Carter, C A Diget, H O U Fynbo, M Freer, N J H Hubbarb, D G Jenkins, M Kamil, M Khumalo, M Kohne, K C W Li, P Z Mabika, D J Marin-Lämbarri, N J Mukwevho, F Nemulodi, P Von Neumann-Cosel, P Papka, L Pellegri, V Pesudo, B Rebeiro, E Sideras-Haddad, G F Steyn, J A Swartz, S Triambak, I T Usman, C Wheldon, Tz Wheldon and J J van Zyl*

Tracking Electrons Produced by Compton Scatter within a Prompt Gamma Imaging Device

*S W Peterson, M Hillebrand, D Mackin, E Draeger, S Beddar and J*

*Polf*

Investigating prompt gamma emission for a Carbon target using AFRODITE clover detectors

*V Ramanathan, S Peterson, K Li, P Papka, E Lawrie, K Lawrie, J Kiener, S Ouichaoui, W Yahia-Cherif, A Belhout, P Jones, D Moussa, B Hinda, S Damache, A Chafa, M*

*Debabi*

*, K Raju M, T Dinoko and D Bucher*

Estimation of fake rate background in same sign W

^{±}W

^{±}production at the LHC with ATLAS Detector

*X Thusini, A Hamilton and S Yacoob*

Constraining hypothetical extensions to the Higgs sector at the LHC

*Stefan Von Buddenbrock, N*

*Chakrabartyb*

*, A S Cornell, D Kar, M Kumar, T Mandal, Bruce Mellado, B Mukhopadhyaya, R G Reeda and X Ruan*

**Division C - Photonics**

Photobiomodulation of Isolated Lung Cancer Stem cells

*A Crous and H Abrahamse*

Single-photon probing of plasmonic waveguides

*J Francis and M Tame*

Simulaser, a graphical laser simulator based on Matlab Simulink

*C Jacobs and W Koen*

Nonlinear optical processes in two and multilevel atoms: a theoretical and numerical study

*M Patel, G De Jager, Z Nkosi and K Govender*

Applying the technique of ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy on the main plant light-harvesting complex of spinach leaves

*A Singh and*

*T P*

*J Krüger*

Experimental characterisation of a metamaterial optical partial polariser in the quantum regime

*S A Uriri, T Tashima and M S Tame*

**Division D1 - Astrophysics**

Existence of anti-Newtonian solutions in fourth-order gravity

*A*

*Abebe*

Calibration of statistical methods used to constrain pulsar geometries via multiband light curve modelling

*M C*

*Bezuidenhout, C Venter, A S Seyffert and A K Harding*

Isotropic energy and luminosity correlations with spectral peak energy for five long Gamma-Ray Bursts

*F F Dirirsa and S Razzaque*

Integrability conditions for nonrotating solutions in ƒ

*(R)*gravity

*M Elmardi and A Abebe*

New calibration sources for very long baseline interferometry in the 1.4-GHz band

*M K Hailemariam, M F Bietenholz, A de Witt and R S Booth*

Ultrahigh-energy neutrino events in current and future neutrino telescopes from nearby Gamma-Ray Bursts

*J K Thomas, R Moharana*

*and*

*S Razzaque*

Long-term monitoring of TeV Blazars with the Watcher Robotic Telescope

*J P*

*Marais, B van Soelen, R J Britto and P J Meintjes*

Graph theory and pulsar astronomy tie the knot: the use of labeled graph kernels in exploring the pulsar P-P diagram

*J Maritz, E Maritz and P Meintjes*

Constraining Lorentz Invariance violation using directional correlations of Gamma-Ray Bursts with IceCube cosmic neutrinos

*R Moharana and S Razzaque*

Investigating gamma-ray fluxes from globular clusters

*H Ndiyavala, P Krüger and C Venter*

Variability in supersoft X-ray sources RX J0537.7-7034 and RX J0038.6+4020

*M M Nyamai, A Odendaal , P J Meintjes and A Udalski*

Identifying new narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies and white dwarfs from the second ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue

*A Odendaal, T Boller, F Haberl and P J Meintjes*

Investigating the hot gas in active brightest cluster galaxies

*A L*

*Ratsimbazafy and S I Loubser*

Correlation study of multi-wavelength transient emission of selected CRTS cataclysmic variables

*H Szegedi, A Odendaal and P J Meintjes*

Emission modelling of numerical hydrodynamical simulations with application to active galactic nuclei jets

*I P van der Westhuizen, B van Soelen and P J Meintjes*

A comparative timing analysis of Suzaku X-ray data of the nova-like variable system AE Aquarii

*H J*

*van Heerden and P J Meintjes*

Solving the radiative transfer equation for maser environments

*R van Rooyen and D J van der Walt*

The contribution of photons from the circumstellar disc to gamma-gamma absorption in PSR B1259-63

*B van Soelen and I Sushch*

Analysis of the rich optical iron-line spectrum of the x-ray variable I Zw 1 AGN 1H0707−495

*H Winkler and B Paul*

**Division D2 - Space Science**

Automated scheduling for a robotic astronomical telescope

*D Maartens, P Martinez and R van Rooyen*

Near-Earth Object Avoidance Mitigation: Profiting One Rock at a Time

*G C MacLeod*

Cosmic ray ground level enhancements: Power of the pulse shape

*O Ogunjobi and R D Strauss*

Ionospheric characterisation of the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly using a mobile ship-based dual-frequency GPS Ionospheric Scintillation and Total Electron Content Monitor

*A Vermeulen, P J Cilliers and P Martinez*

**Division E - Education**

Teaching students problem solving with the ‘light bulb effect' cognitive diagrammatic representation

*C Albers, D Clerk and D Naidoo*

The development of views on the nature of science of learners in a science enrichment programme

*V M Baloyi, W E Meyer and E Gaigher*

Understanding of vector addition and subtraction by first year university students: graphical versus algebraic methods

*E Carleschi*

Termites in our Tests? The role of stigmergy in our examination system

*D Clerk, D Naidoo and C Albers*

Student difficulties in vectors: foothold ideas

*I John*

Physical models: A crucial link between reality and mathematical models

*M Lemmer and R Gunstone*

Shoestring Practicals and the Teaching of Problem Solving

*D Clerk, D Naidoo and C Albers*

**Division F - Applied Physics**

Dose perturbations of unilateral Ti prosthesis in the dosimetry of 6 MV photon beam

*N Ade and F C P du Plessis*

Radiation Shielding Analysis and Optimisation for the MinPET Kimberlite Sorting Facility using the Monte Carlo Calculation Code, MCNPX

*E M Chinaka, Z Zibi, J van Rooyen, S H Connell and M N Cook*

Using Geant4 to create 3D maps of dosage received within a MinPET diamond sorting facility

*M N H Cook and S H Connell*

A genetic algorithm approach to enhancing the performance of a PET detector array

*M N H Cook and S H Connell*

A method for examining water absorption in sand using fast neutron radiography

*G C Daniels, V Dangendorf, A Buffler and K Tittlemeier*

Effect of atmospheric turbulence on entangled photon field generated by partially coherent pump beam

*S Joshi, Y Ismail and F Petruccione*

Volume determination of irregular objects by hydrostatic weighing at NMISA

*B Ndlovu and R T Mautjana*

A High Speed OCT System Developed at the CSIR National Laser Centre

*A Sharma, A Singh, T Roberts, R Ramokolo and H Strauss*

Spark Plasma Sintering of 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel Reinforced with TiC

*R Sule, P A Olubambi, I Sigalas, J K O Asante and S W Maseko*

Comparison of measurement results obtained from three different calibration systems for performing accelerometer calibration

*M L Temba and V Tyalimpi*

How local conditions affect solar irradiance and photovoltaic module performance in South Africa

*H Winkler*

**Division G - Theoretical and Computational Physics**

Probing quark gluon plasma in pA collisions

*D M Adamiak and W A Horowitz*

Density functional theory on a lattice: Self-consistent Hartree plus exchange approximation

*K Amouzouvi and D Joubert*

First-principles studies of transition metal defects in a MoS

_{2}monolayer

*N F Andriambelaza, R E Mapasha and N Chetty*

Small (q−1) expansion of the Tsallis distribution and study of particle spectra at LHC

*T Bhattacharyya, J Cleymans, A Khuntia, P Pareek, R Sahoo*

Quantum Boltzmann evolution of the Quark-Gluon Plasma

*W Grunow and A Peshier*

Energy loss of open strings with massive endpoints in AdS/CFT

*W A Horowitz and A Andrianavalomahefa*

Are we gauging the pressure correctly?

*G Jackson and A Peshier*

Partition function zeros of adsorbing self-avoiding walks

*E J Janse van Rensburg*

Next-to-leading order electron-quark scattering

*G J Kemp and W A Horowitz*

Evolution of quark masses and flavour mixings in 5D for an

*SU(3)*gauge group

*M O Khojali and A S Cornell*

Short Path Length Energy Loss in the Quark Gluon Plasma

*I Kolbé and W A Horowitz*

Phenomenology of additional scalar bosons at the LHC

*M Kumar, S von Buddenbrock, N Chakrabarty, A S Cornell, D Kar, T Mandal, B Mellado, B Mukhopadhyaya, R G Reed and X Ruan*

Quantum corrections to the kink-antikink potential

*Z Lee and H Weigel*

Two-Higgs doublet model and the LHC

*C Mosomane*

Wilson lines and color-neutral operators in the color glass condensate

*J M Alcock-Zeilinger and H Weigert*