8-12 July 2013
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
<a href="http://events.saip.org.za/internalPage.py?pageId=13&confId=32"><font color=#ff0000>SAIP2013 PROCEEDINGS AVAILABLE</font></a>

Low Intensity Laser Irradiation (LILI) in combination with Growth Factors in a Co-culture System supports the Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells

10 Jul 2013, 09:00
20m
Oral Presentation Track C - Photonics Photonics

Speaker

Mr Bernard Mvula (Doctoral Student)

Abstract content <br> &nbsp; (Max 300 words)

B Mvula and H Abrahamse
Laser Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg,
P.O. Box 17011, Doornfontein 2028, Johannesburg, South Africa

E-mail: habrahamse@uj.ac.za

Abstract. Mesenchymal stem cells have the capacity to differentiate into a variety of cell types that could potentially be used in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Low intensity laser irradiation (LILI) has been shown to have positive effects on different cell types, including a significant increase in cell viability and proliferation. Growth factors such as retinoic acid (RA) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) have been shown to play important roles in the differentiation of cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LILI in combination with growth factors could induce the differentiation of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) co-cultured with smooth muscle cells (SMCs). The study used primary and continuous ADSC cell lines and a SMC line (SKUT-1). Cells were co-cultured directly at a ratio of 1:1 using established methods, with and without growth factors and then exposed to LILI at 5 J/cm2 using a 636 nm diode laser. The cellular morphology, viability and proliferation of the co-cultures were assessed over a period of one week. The study also monitored the expression of cell specific markers over the same period of time. Cell viability and proliferation increased significantly in the co-cultured groups that were exposed to laser alone, as well as in combination with growth factors. Furthermore, there was a significant decrease in the expression of stem cell markers in the ADSCs over time. The results indicate that LILI in combination with growth factors not only increases the viability and proliferation of co-cultured cells but also decreases the expression of ADSC stem cell markers. This could indicate the possible differentiation of ADSCs into SMCs.

Apply to be<br> considered for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)?

yes

Level for award<br>&nbsp;(Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD)?

PhD

Main supervisor (name and email)<br>and his / her institution

Prof. H. Abrahamse

Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)?

Yes

Primary author

Mr Bernard Mvula (Doctoral Student)

Co-author

Prof. Heidi Abrahamse (Head, Laser research Centre, University of Johannesburg)

Presentation Materials

Peer reviewing

Paper