Abstract content <br> (Max 300 words)<br><a href="http://events.saip.org.za/getFile.py/access?resId=0&materialId=0&confId=34" target="_blank">Formatting &<br>Special chars</a>
Nanocrystalline Al/Y co-doped tin oxide powders were successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method. The samples were subjected to different temperatures ranging from 200 to 1000 degrees celsius. The effects of co-doping and temperature on the structural properties of Al/Y co-doped tin oxide nanoparticles were investigated. The characterization techniques used were X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. The average particle sizes were found to be in the range between 2.5 – 8 nm in the temperature range studied while the strains were in the range between 2.76 – 0.53. Both the XRD and Raman spectroscopy confirm that at higher temperatures yttrium stannate is formed.
Level for award<br> (Hons, MSc, <br> PhD)?
Main supervisor (name and email)<br>and his / her institution
Rammutla KE, firstname.lastname@example.org, University of Limpopo
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