7-11 July 2014
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
<a href="http://events.saip.org.za/internalPage.py?pageId=16&confId=34"><font color=#0000ff>SAIP2014 Proceedings published on 17 April 2015</font></a>

Nuclear deformation effects on fine structure of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance and 2<sup>+</sup> level densities from (p,p') scattering at 200 MeV

9 Jul 2014, 14:20
20m
D Les 101

D Les 101

Oral Presentation Track B - Nuclear, Particle and Radiation Physics NPRP

Speaker

Mr Chamunorwa Oscar Kureba (University of the Witwatersrand)

Abstract content <br> &nbsp; (Max 300 words)<br><a href="http://events.saip.org.za/getFile.py/access?resId=0&materialId=0&confId=34" target="_blank">Formatting &<br>Special chars</a>

A systematic experimental investigation was performed of the phenomenon of fine structure, with emphasis on the region of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance (ISGQR), for nuclei across the neodymium isotope chain. The 200 MeV proton beams were delivered by the Separated Sector Cyclotron (SSC) facility of iThemba LABS. Measurements were made using the state-of-the-art K600 magnetic spectrometer, where unique high energy-resolution (&DeltaE ≈ 42 - 48 keV FWHM) proton inelastic scattering results were obtained on 142Nd, 144Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd and 150Nd targets. The stable even-even neodymium (Z = 60) isotopes are used to investigate the influence of the onset of deformation on the excitation energy spectra in the ISGQR region (9 ≤ Ex ≤ 15 MeV), since they extend from the semi-magic N = 82 nucleus (142Nd) to the permanently deformed N = 90 (150Nd) nucleus. In order to emphasize the ISGQR in the measured excitation energy spectra, a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) background subtraction was carried out. A comparison of the resonance widths extracted shows a systematic broadening of the ISGQR (&Gamma = 3.220 MeV to 5.100 MeV), moving from spherical 142Nd to highly deformed 150Nd nuclei as has already been observed for the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance (IVGDR) excited by &gamma-capture. State of the art theoretical microscopic Quasiparticle-Phonon Model (QPM) calculations were performed for the ISGQR and for 142,144,146Nd. Characteristic energy scales, extracted using the Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) technique, allowed a comparison to be made between the experimental data and theoretical predictions in order to determine the dominant damping mechanisms. In addition, experimental level densities of J&pi = 2+ states were extracted from the measured data using the fluctuation analysis technique. Comparisons will be made with the latest theoretical models with reference to the limitations of the method.

Level for award<br>&nbsp;(Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD)?

N/A

Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)?

No

Apply to be<br> considered for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)?

No

Main supervisor (name and email)<br>and his / her institution

Prof. John Carter : John.Carter@wits.ac.za
University of the Witwatersrand

Primary author

Mr Chamunorwa Oscar Kureba (University of the Witwatersrand)

Co-authors

Prof. Achim Richter (TU Darmstadt) Mr Andreas KRUGMANN (TU Darmstadt) Ms Anna-maria HEILMAN (TU Darmstadt) Prof. Atsushi TAMII (Osaka University, Japan) Dr Deoin Steyn (iThemba LABS) Dr Dirk FOURIE (iThemba Labs) Prof. ELIAS SIDERAS-HADDAD (University of the Witwatersrand) Dr Frederick David Smit (iThemba LABS) Prof. Gordon R. J COOPER (University of the Witwatersrand) Dr Iyabo Usman (University of the Witwatersrand) Mr Jacobus Swartz (Stellenbosch University) Dr Joele Mira (iThemba LABS) Prof. John Carter (University of the Witwatersrand) Dr Justin Mabiala (Stellenbosch University/iThemba LABS) Dr Lowry Conradie (iThemba Labs) Mr Maxwell Jingo (University of the Witwatersrand) Dr Paul Papka (Stellenbosch University) Prof. Peter VON NEUMANN-COSEL (TU Darmstadt) Dr Retief Neveling (iThemba LABS) Dr Richard Newman (Stellenbosch University) Prof. Roger Fearick (University of Cape Town) Mr Sean Murray (iThemba LABS) Dr Siegfried Förtsch (iThemba LABS) Dr Zinhle Buthelezi (iThemba LABS)

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