7-11 July 2014
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
<a href="http://events.saip.org.za/internalPage.py?pageId=16&confId=34"><font color=#0000ff>SAIP2014 Proceedings published on 17 April 2015</font></a>

Effects of Cr3+ mol% on the structure and optical properties of the ZnAl2O4:Cr3+ nanocrystals synthesized using sol-gel process

8 Jul 2014, 14:00
20m
D Les 201

D Les 201

Oral Presentation Track A - Division for Physics of Condensed Matter and Materials DPCMM1

Speaker

Mr Setumo Motloung (University of the Free State)

Level for award<br>&nbsp;(Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD)?

PhD

Apply to be<br> considered for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)?

Yes

Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)?

Yes

Abstract content <br> &nbsp; (Max 300 words)<br><a href="http://events.saip.org.za/getFile.py/access?resId=0&materialId=0&confId=34" target="_blank">Formatting &<br>Special chars</a>

Zinc aluminate (ZnAl2O4) hosts and ZnAl2O4:Cr3+ doped were successfully prepared at a relatively low temperature (~80 °C) using the sol–gel method. The dopant (Cr3+) mol% was varied at a range of 0 – 0.3 mol%. The main aim was to produce phosphor material that can be used for the down-conversion in UV devices. The annealed powder samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV and photoluminescence (PL). The XRD data revealed that all annealed samples consist of the cubic ZnAl2O4 structure. The estimated crystallites sizes were in the range of 22 – 23 nm in diameter. The results showed that there is an optimum Cr3+ mol% for the system to deviate from Vergard’s law. The surface morphology of the phosphors was influenced by the Cr3+ mol%. UV results showed that the Cr3+ mol% affects the band gap of the host. The PL results showed that the host and the Cr3+-doped nanoparticles exhibit violet emission slightly at different peak positions. Slight peak shifts suggests that the luminescence can originate from the host or Cr3+ ion. Emission from the host is attributed to the band-gap defects in the host material, while the emission from the Cr3+ is attributed to the 4T1 → 4A2 transition. At the higher mol% there is an emission at 692 nm, which is attributed to the 2E → 4A2 transition in Cr3+. The incorporation of the foreign atoms (Cr3+) at the lower mol% seems to be affecting the defects level and population. Both the luminescence enhancement and quenching behaviours were observed. The 0.01% Cr3+ is the optimum concentration.

Main supervisor (name and email)<br>and his / her institution

F.B. Dejene (email: dejeneBF@qwa.ufs.ac.za)/ University of the free State (Qwaqwa Camus)

Primary author

Mr Setumo Motloung (University of the Free State)

Co-authors

Prof. Birhanu Dejene (University of the Free State) Prof. Hendrik Swart (University of the Free State) Prof. Martin Ntwaeaborwa (University of the Free State)

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