7-11 July 2014
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
<a href="http://events.saip.org.za/internalPage.py?pageId=16&confId=34"><font color=#0000ff>SAIP2014 Proceedings published on 17 April 2015</font></a>

Synthesis and characterization of mixed-valence LuFe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4-&delta;</sub>: Effect of stoichiometry &delta;

8 Jul 2014, 11:10
20m
D Les 202

D Les 202

Oral Presentation Track A - Division for Physics of Condensed Matter and Materials DPCMM2

Speaker

Mr Adli Peck (University of Johannesburg)

Main supervisor (name and email)<br>and his / her institution

Prof. Giovanni Hearne (ghearne@uj.ac.za)
UJ Dept. Physics

Level for award<br>&nbsp;(Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD)?

MSc

Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)?

Yes

Apply to be<br> considered for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)?

Yes

Abstract content <br> &nbsp; (Max 300 words)<br><a href="http://events.saip.org.za/getFile.py/access?resId=0&materialId=0&confId=34" target="_blank">Formatting &<br>Special chars</a>

LuFe2O4 exhibits a unique mixed-valence superstructure arising from charge-ordering (CO) within the lattice. The unit cell consists of a characteristic stacking of bi-layers, in which Fe is configured in a triangular network. This results in charge and spin frustration in the material, with a resulting plenitude of degenerate magnetic-electronic ground states. Furthermore the Fe is coordinated with oxygen in a trigonal bi-pyramidal polyhedron, a rather unusual co-ordination geometry for inorganic compounds. This mixed-valence characteristic within the bi-layers has been claimed to give rise to a dipole moment, i.e., ferroelectric effects arising from the CO. However such claims of electronically driven CO are under dispute [1]. Recent work has also demonstrated remarkable oxygen storage capacities in this compound [2]. Previous studies have indeed shown that the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio and magnetic ordering temperature TN are influenced by the oxygen stoichiometry [3-4]. We will report our investigations of the effect of oxygen stoichiometry on the CO and magnetic-electronic properties of LuFe2O4-δ, from a comparison of stoichiometric and oxygen deficient samples. Such samples of LuFe2O4-δ of varying oxygen stoichiometry, δ, have been synthesised by solid state reaction as a polycrystalline powder. These have been characterised by x-ray diffraction, 57Fe Mössbauer-effect spectroscopy (MES), SQUID magnetometry and TGA chemical analysis. Using different masses for the overall starting mixture has a radical effect on the purity of the as-synthesised LuFe2O4-δ sample. Magnetisation measurements show that TN is confined to 245-250 K for the synthesised samples, albeit with quite significant differences in the magnetisation-temperature envelopes. Variable cryogenic temperature MES measurements are used to compare the effect of oxygen content on both the CO and magnetic hyperfine structure.

[1]. Angst M, Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 375 (2013).
[2]. Hervieu M et al., Nature Materials 13, 74 (2013).
[3]. Yang HX et al., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24, 435901 (2012).
[4]. Wang F et al., J. Appl. Phys. 113, 06 (2013).

Primary author

Mr Adli Peck (University of Johannesburg)

Co-authors

Dr Christine Martin (ENSICAEN) Dr Emanuela Carleschi (UJ) Dr Gildas Diguet (UJ) Prof. Giovanni Hearne (UJ) Mr Wisdom Nkosilathi Sibanda (University of Johannesburg)

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