12-15 July 2011
Saint George Hotel
Africa/Johannesburg timezone

Ab-initio study of structural stability and electronic structure of monoclinic and cubic ZrO<sub>2-x</sub>S<sub>x</sub>x for 0 ≤ X < 2

13 Jul 2011, 17:00


Poster Presentation Track A - Condensed Matter Physics and Material Science Poster1


Mr Masilu Godfrey Mulaudzi (University of Limpopo)


The system ZrO2-xSxx is limited by the cases ZrO2 and ZrS2 (x = 0, 2). Physical properties of such systems for 0 < x < 2 are of great interest, but difficult to obtain from first principles calculation. A recently suggested approach, i.e virtual crystal approximation, allows simulation for changes in composition, while retaining a small unit cell. In this paper we employ Density Functional Theory (DFT) within the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA)to study the zirconium dioxide – sulfide system ZrO2-xSxx, using the CASTEP code. We investigated geometric cell size effects, mechanical properties and electronic structure for these systems at various amounts of sulfur concentrations. For the treatment of solid solutions in the recently introduced VCA approach, CASTEP allows to define partial occupancies for atomic sites; in our case, the anionic lattice sites of ZrO2-xSxx crystal are defined to be less than fully oxygen occupied: (2-x); and consequently similar sites can then be attributed a partial sulfur character: (x). The lattice parameters and cell size increases for zirconia as the sulfur content is increased. Furthermore, the trend of Fermi level and the electron distributions differ, giving rise to reduced band gap as S is increased. The cubic structure ZrO2-xSxx is stable for x<1.2, however, the structure gives negative tetragonal shear modulus at x≥1.2, condition of mechanical instability.

Consider for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)? yes
Level (Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD, other)? MSC
Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)? no

Primary author

Mr Masilu Godfrey Mulaudzi (University of Limpopo)


Dr Lutz Ackermann (University of Limpopo) Prof. Phuti Ngoepe (University of Limpopo)

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