12-15 July 2011
Saint George Hotel
Africa/Johannesburg timezone

Characterization of the Phase Transition of h-BN - c-BN Nanoparticles by Ion Implantation

15 Jul 2011, 12:15


Oral Presentation Track F - Applied and Industrial Physics Applied


Ms Emily Aradi (University of the Witwatersrand)


The synthesis of the c-BN (cubic boron nitride) has developed great interest due to its excellent physico-electrochemical properties. These include; high hardness values (73 GPa) second after diamond, wide band gap (6.4 eV), optical transparency in a wide region of the electromagnetic spectrum, high temperature stability (1200 oC) and chemical inertness. These properties enable c-BN to be very useful for various industrial and electrical applications such as in cutting and grinding, fabrication of high temperature high frequency devices among many others. In this work, ion irradiation effect of the soft graphitic boron nitride (h-BN) is investigated from characterization with Raman Spectroscopy before and after implantation. This was to investigate a possible phase transformation of h-BN to c-BN. Boron, lithium and helium ions were implanted into the hot pressed h-BN samples at 150keV, and with fluences ranging from 1x1014 ions/cm2 to 1x1016 ions/cm2. Raman Spectroscopy showed that implantation of all the three ions led to an h-BN to a possible c-BN phase transition, evident from the longitudinal optical (LO) Raman phonon features occurring at 1303cm-1 in the implanted samples’ spectra. The nature of the phonon peaks and their downshifting is explained using the spatial phonon correlation model. The extent of these peaks was found to depend on the mass of the incident ion and the fluence, where high ion mass required low fluence compared with the low ion masses.

Level (Hons, MSc, <br> &nbsp; PhD, other)? PhD
Consider for a student <br> &nbsp; award (Yes / No)? Yes
Would you like to <br> submit a short paper <br> for the Conference <br> Proceedings (Yes / No)? Yes

Primary author

Ms Emily Aradi (University of the Witwatersrand)


Mr Rudolph Erasmus (University of the Witwatersrand) Mr S. R Naidoo (University of the Witwatersrand) Prof. Trevor Derry (University of the Witwatersrand)

Presentation Materials