8-12 July 2013
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
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Quantum coherence and transport processes in photosynthesis

Presented by Ms. Adriana MARAIS on 9 Jul 2013 from 10:30 to 10:50
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: Applied
Track: Track F - Applied Physics

Abstract

Sunlight energy far exceeding human consumption is constantly incident on the Earth's surface. A class of organisms has perfected a method of harvesting this energy over a period of billions of years: this process is called photosynthesis. Understanding photosynthesis on a microscopic scale is necessary to engineer biologically-inspired artificial photosynthetic systems, which would allow us to utilise renewable sunlight energy with greater efficiency than is presently possible. While vast scale separation has meant a traditional distinction between quantum mechanics and biology, recently evidence of quantum coherence in the primary stage of energy transfer in photosynthetic light-harvesting complexes at physiological temperatures [1,2] has raised the intriguing question of whether non-trivial quantum effects play a role in the efficiency of photosynthesis. While quantum effects in the subsequent stage of primary electron transport in photosynthesis were identified nearly 50 years ago [3], many aspects of this stage of the process are also not well-understood microscopically. We give a brief overview of the success and shortcomings of existing models of the primary stages of energy and charge transfer in photosynthesis, and discuss the open quantum systems models that we have proposed [4,5] in the context of a selection of open questions about the processes. [1] Panitchayangkoon G et al 2010 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 12766 [2] Collini E et al 2010 Nature 463 08811 [3] Devault and Chance 1966 Biophys. J. 6 825 [4] Sinayskiy et al 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 020602 [5] Marais et al 2013 New J. Phys 15 013038

Award

Yes

Level

PhD

Supervisor

Prof. Francesco Petruccione petruccione@ukzn.ac.za University of KwaZulu-Natal

Paper

Yes

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