4-8 July 2016
Kramer Law building
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
The Proceedings of SAIP2016 published on 24 December 2017
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NIR quantum-cutting OF Pr3+ and Yb3+ Codoped Fluoride crystal

Presented by Dr. Mubarak YAGOUB on 8 Jul 2016 from 10:20 to 10:40
Type: Oral Presentation
Track: Track A - Division for Physics of Condensed Matter and Materials

Abstract

A possible quantum cutting process between the Pr3+ and Yb3+ ions in CaF2 was investigated to increase solar cell efficiencies. There are certain phosphor materials that can transform the energy of one absorbed high energy photon into two (or more) emitted low energy photons. This process is known as quantum-cutting (down-conversion) with a quantum efficiency of more than 100 %. The down-conversion materials based fluorides have stood out among other candidates because of their low phonon energy (which reduces the non-radiative electronic relaxation processes). The Pr3+-Yb3+ down-conversion couple in CaF2 materials was synthesised by the co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the samples crystalized completely into the pure face-centred cubic structure (space group: Fm3m). Energy transfer occurred subsequently from Pr3+ to Yb3+ followed by an intense NIR (~ 1000 nm) emission spectral range. The energy transfer process is indicated by the decrease in the Pr3+ related photoluminescence (PL) and lifetime results with increasing Yb3+ concentration. The energy transfer is completed at a high concentration but the Yb3+ emission intensity decreased as a result of concentration quenching. Keywords: Quantum-cutting, energy transfer, fluoride material, Pr3+-Yb3+ couple. References: 1. B. M. van der Ende, L. Aartsa and A. Meijerink, “Lanthanide ions as spectral converters for solar cells”. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2009, 11, 11081-11095. 2. X. Huang, S. Han W. Huang, X. Liu, “Enhancing solar cell efficiency: the search for luminescent materials as spectral converters”. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 173-201.

Award

No

Level

N/A

Supervisor

E. Coetsee, coetseee@ufs.ac.za, University of the Free State

Paper

yes

Permission

yes

Place

Location: Kramer Law building
Address: UCT Middle Campus Cape Town
Room: LT1


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