9-13 July 2012
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
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A multi-detector study of the effect of a varying heliospheric current sheet tilt angle on cosmic-ray intensity

Presented by Mr. KATLEGO MOLOTO on 11 Jul 2012 from 09:00 to 09:20
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: Space Science
Track: Track D2 - Space Science

Abstract

We investigate the behaviour of cosmic-ray intensities as measured by ground-based neutron monitors and balloon-borne detectors, as function of the corresponding heliospheric current sheet tilt angle. Three solar cycles with three changes in solar magnetic polarity are examined. The results are compared with predictions of cosmic-ray modulation models that include drift effects. The intensity-tilt plots for the different neutron monitors are compared with each other as a function of their mean response energy. These plots produce open loops with clockwise rotations for solar cycles 21 and 23 and with anticlockwise rotation for solar cycle 22, as predicted by drift models. However, the observed intensity-tilt loops for cycles 21 and 23 are larger than the loop for cycle 22 contrary to the drift model predictions, when the tilt angle observed simultaneously with the intensity is used. To explain this difference we invoke the time dependence of the tilt angle. This can be done by either calculating an effective tilt angle for a period prior to the intensity observation, or a simple time shift.

Award

yes

Level

MSc

Supervisor

RA Burger 10188738@nwu.ac.za North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus

Paper

No

Place

Location: IT 4-3


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