4-8 July 2016
Kramer Law building
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
Paper Review: Initial screening in progress
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Open Quantum System approach to spontaneous formation of prebiotic molecules in interstellar space.

Presented by Mr. Paul ELS on 6 Jul 2016 from 16:10 to 18:00
Type: Poster Presentation
Track: Track G - Theoretical and Computational Physics
Board #: G.360

Abstract

The past half-century has seen much advancement in the fields of astronomy and astrochemistry, but an emerging field, known as astrobiology, now seeks to answer one of the oldest and most fundamental questions in science: What is life? Prebiotic molecules – those that are proposed to be part of the processes leading to the origin of life – and the formation of nucleobases, in different astrophysical environments, have thus far been the primary area of focus. Recently we have seen the detection of an HCN dimer (H<sub>2</sub>C<sub>2</sub>N<sub>2</sub>) along with possible formation routes leading to Adenine (H<sub>5</sub>C<sub>5</sub>N<sub>5</sub>), one of the nucleobases. In our work we apply an open quantum systems approach to the problem of HCN dimer formation. The temperature of the relevant environment is ~10K meaning it is quite possible that non-trivial quantum effects may be vital to the process of dimerisation. Following observational data from the Green Bank Telescope we specifically focus on the possibility of spontaneous dimerisation on the surfaces of interstellar ice grains.

Award

Yes

Level

MSc

Supervisor

Prof. Johan Van der Walt Johan.VanDerWalt@nwu.ac.za

Paper

Yes

Permission

Yes

Place

Location: Kramer Law building
Address: UCT Middle Campus Cape Town
Room:


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