9-13 July 2012
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
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Structural and Magnetic Properties of MgCexFe2-xO4 Nanoferrites

Presented by Mr. Prince MKWAE on 11 Jul 2012 from 08:20 to 08:40
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: DCMPM1
Track: Track A - Division for Condensed Matter Physics and Materials

Abstract

MgCe<sub>x</sub>Fe<sub>2-x</sub>O<sub>4</sub> (0 =< x <= 0.4) nanoparticles have been produced by glycol-thermal technique. All the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer and VSM measurements. The XRD results indicate single phase cubic spinel structure in samples with low concentration of Ce (x < or = 0.2). The particle size of the as-prepared compounds ranges between 8.7 nm and 16.6 nm. A general increase in the size of a unit cell from 8.352 Å (x = 0) to 8.413 Å (x = 0.2) occurs. This is explained on the basis of atoms involved. 57Fe Mössbauer spectra show transformation from ordered to paramagnetic spin state with increasing Ce concentration. The broad spectrum of the as prepared MgFe2O4 (x = 0) oxide changes to a well resolved magnetic splitting with increasing annealing temperature. The magnetization measurements show superparamagnetic behavior in all the compounds. A general decrease in magnetization with increasing x is observed. The coercive fields increase with decreasing measuring temperature from about 2 Oe at 300 K to 330 Oe at 10 K.

Award

Yes

Level

MSc

Supervisor

Dr Thomas Moyo. Email: moyo@ukzn.ac.za University of KwaZulu-Natal

Paper

Yes

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