8-12 July 2013
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
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Characterization of the 2+ excitation of Hoyle state in 12C

Presented by Mr. fhumulani NEMULODI on 9 Jul 2013 from 10:30 to 10:50
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: NPRP
Track: Track B - Nuclear, Particle and Radiation Physics

Abstract

Even though numerous investigations have been performed to study the 12C nucleus in the past, questions still remain regarding some of its unbound states. One of the mysteries of this nucleus involves the 0+2 , Ex = 7.654 MeV state also known as the Hoyle state. This state was first predicted by Fred Hoyle [1] in 1954 and discovered three years later [2]. Through several theoretical and experimental studies, it has been reported that it possesses an α-cluster structure. One of the long standing problems is connected with the existence of a 2+ excited state build upon the Hoyle state. Recently the search for this state has attracted much interest both theoretically and experimentally, leading to several candidates of this state reported in Ref [3,4,5,6]. Up to date, there are still questions regarding the exact nature of this state. This talk gives an overview of the preliminary results of the 14C(p,t)12C [ααα] reaction. The experiment was performed at iThemba LABS, with the high resolution magnetic spectrometer in conjunction with particle telescopes consisting of silicon detectors. The telescopes were placed in the target chamber and their primary use was to detect alpha particles to identify the break up decay path of 12C, while the spectrometer was used to detect the ejectile (triton) to determine the excitation energy with high resolution. [1]. F. Hoyle, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 1, 121 (1954). [2]. C.W. Cook et al ,Phys.Rev. 107, 108 (1957). [3]. H. Horiuchi, Progr. Theor. Phys. 53, 447 (1975). [4]. M. Freer et al., Phys.Rev.C80, R041303 (2009) [5]. M. Itoh et al., Phys.Rev.C84, 054308 (2011) [6]. W.R. Zimmerman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 110 (2013)

Award

yes

Level

PhD

Supervisor

Prof Paul Papka, papka@sun.ac.za, University of Stellenbosch

Paper

no

Place

Location: A1-38


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