9-13 July 2012
Africa/Johannesburg timezone
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Ion-Bernstein waves in a plasma with a kappa velocity distribution

Presented by Mr. Francois NSENGIYUMVA on 10 Jul 2012 from 17:30 to 19:30
Type: Poster Presentation
Session: Poster Session
Track: Track D2 - Space Science

Abstract

Bernstein waves have been observed in many planetary magnetospheres. Particle observations indicate that space plasmas often have charged particles with a strongly non-Maxwellian tail on their velocity distributions. In particular, they often exhibit power law dependence on velocity in the higher energy range. Such velocity distributions may be modelled by the kappa (generalized Lorentzian) distribution with low values of kappa. We have carried out a study of low frequency ion-Bernstein waves in space plasmas, using a Vlasov-Poisson model based on the kappa velocity distribution. The general dispersion relation obtained by Mace [1] for a multi-species kappa plasma is specialised to the case of singly charged ions and electrons. This dispersion relation is solved numerically, without approximations, for the ion-Bernstein mode. It is shown that for low values of the ion-kappa index, the dispersion curves differ significantly from those predicted by Maxwellian theory. Ion-Bernstein waves propagating in the band below the lower-hybrid frequency have frequencies given by nωci at vanishing wave number k⊥ and fall to (n − 1)ωci as k⊥ is increased. It is found that the rate at which this frequency decrease occurs depends strongly on the kappa index of the ions, with lower values of kappa exhibiting a less rapid fall-off. Above the lower-hybrid frequency, ion-Bernstein waves have a different dependence on wave number. While at vanishing k⊥ the frequency approaches nωci, it then increases with k⊥ to a peak at a value k⊥peak before the frequency drops to nωci for large k⊥. It is shown that both the wave number k⊥peak and the peak frequency depend on the ion-kappa value. In the lower-hybrid frequency band, the ion-Bernstein waves exhibit features intermediate between those described above. The dispersion relation of the mode in this band is also affected by the ion-kappa index. References [1] R. L. Mace, Phys. Plasmas, 10, 2181 (2003).

Award

yes

Level

PhD

Supervisor

Prof. Manfred Hellberg, Email: hellberg@ukzn.ac.za, Institution: University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Paper

No

Place

Location: IT Building
Room:


Primary authors

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